Compiling Our Python Decompiler

Following the feedback we get for our py2exe decompiler (a decompiler for Windows executables created by py2exe1), we noticed that there is a community need for this tool. Most of the feedback comments are requests for help related to missing dependencies and similar problems. However, a couple of months ago, there had been an API-breaking release … Continue reading Compiling Our Python Decompiler

PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 3

In the first part of this series, we explained the internal structure of certificates and how this knowledge can help us detect fake certificates. In this part, we will provide different rules that you can use in your organization to detect these certificates. YARA This is the YARA rule that started this research: This YARA … Continue reading PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 3

PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 2

In our previous blogpost, we developed a method to detect certificate files that do not contain a real certificate. Trojanized certificates like these are often not detected by AV and IDS. Although we found all kinds of payloads, fake certificates containing a Windows executable appear to be the most common. In this post we will … Continue reading PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 2

PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 1

With the help of a specifically crafted YARA rule developed by NVISO analysts, we found multiple certificate files (.crt) that do not contain a certificate, but instead a malicious PowerShell script. In this blog post, we explain how we crafted this YARA rule. Certificates Certificate files in Windows can have different extensions, like .cer and … Continue reading PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 1

Shortcomings of blacklisting in Adobe Reader and what you can do about it

A variation of a class of malicious PDFs appeared in the wild. In this blog post, we will show you how to protect your systems and how to analyze these PDFs. The PDFs embed a file type with extension .SettingContent-ms that can be used on Windows 10 to execute arbitrary code. We have observed on … Continue reading Shortcomings of blacklisting in Adobe Reader and what you can do about it

Sextortion Scam With Leaked Passwords Succeeds

Following the forum post on sextortion emails being spammed to innocent victims, we were curious to see if this scam would indeed be successful. We have observed similar scam campaigns before, but now the scammers seem to include the victim's password as well, creating a sense of legitimacy. During our analysis we observed 3 payments to the … Continue reading Sextortion Scam With Leaked Passwords Succeeds

Extracting a Windows Zero-Day from an Adobe Reader Zero-Day PDF

In May 2018, when ESET published a blog post covering PDFs with 2 zero days, our interest was immediately piqued. Promptly after our analysis of these PDFs, we send out an early warning to our customers. Now that Microsoft published a blog post with the detailed analysis of the zero days, we find it appropriate … Continue reading Extracting a Windows Zero-Day from an Adobe Reader Zero-Day PDF