Hacking Connected Home Alarm Systems – The Cheap [Part 1]

TL;DR: We were wondering whether price affects the security of IoT appliances. So we verified the security of two differently priced connected home alarm systems. Both IoT alarms are marketed as an easy solution to protect your home. Unfortunately we find this not to be the case as we identified multiple critical vulnerabilities in both systems. … Continue reading Hacking Connected Home Alarm Systems – The Cheap [Part 1]

The Rise of Adversary Emulation

In this blog post, we will discuss a fairly new concept that has been gaining a lot of traction recently: Adversary Emulation. Adversary emulation aims to test a network’s resilience against advanced attackers or advanced persistent threats (APTs). To do so, the adversary’s tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) are emulated along the cyber kill chain, … Continue reading The Rise of Adversary Emulation

OpenSSH User Enumeration Vulnerability: a Close Look

Intro An OpenSSH user enumeration vulnerability (CVE-2018-15473) became public via a GitHub commit. This vulnerability does not produce a list of valid usernames, but it does allow guessing of usernames. In this blog post, we take a closer look at this vulnerability and propose mitigation and monitoring actions. Technical details This vulnerability manifests itself in … Continue reading OpenSSH User Enumeration Vulnerability: a Close Look

PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 3

In the first part of this series, we explained the internal structure of certificates and how this knowledge can help us detect fake certificates. In this part, we will provide different rules that you can use in your organization to detect these certificates. YARA This is the YARA rule that started this research: This YARA … Continue reading PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 3

PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 2

In our previous blogpost, we developed a method to detect certificate files that do not contain a real certificate. Trojanized certificates like these are often not detected by AV and IDS. Although we found all kinds of payloads, fake certificates containing a Windows executable appear to be the most common. In this post we will … Continue reading PowerShell Inside a Certificate? – Part 2